Indian red Chilli is the hottest ingredient in the kitchen. Red chillies are crucial for many dishes. In Indian cuisine where no dish is complete without this spicy flavour note. They ranks mild to very hot. India is one of the largest consumer, producer and exporter. Mirch is the Hindi word for chilli. Country growing a wide variety of chillies. Most of them are left to ripen to red and then sun dried. Chillies are hottest when green, loses little heat when becomes red chilli. Furthermore when they are dried.
How many kinds of Chillies are there?
There are almost 2000 – 3000 different cultivars grown across the world today. However, there are 25 different varieties found in India. Here we are discussing some famous Indian red chilli used in world cuisine as spices and sauces.
Most Popular Spicy Chilli
Birds Eye Chilli (Dhani)
This spicy red chilli grows in Mizoram and some areas of Manipur as well as in South India. These are small, intensely hot and blood red in colour. Also high pungent. Harvesting starts in October and ends in December
Dried Indian red chilli. It is valued because of its bright red colour. It has less pungency or without pungency. Harvested during January to May. Often used as Goad Masala.
This spicy mirch grows in Maharastra as well as Andhra Pradesh. Known as Ellachipur and Guntur respectively.
Ellachipur harvested during September to December. This chilli is commonly available in Indian market. Unlike Ellachipur, Guntur’s harvesting season is December to May and mostly available in South Indian market.
Fresh green or sometimes used dried red chilli. This is most popular chilli in India. These are highly pungent and light red in colour. The name Jwala means ‘Volcano’. Now you can imagine how spicy this chilli can be!! Harvesting starts from September to December.
Grown in mild and sub-tropical regions of North India. These are fleshy and long. Deep red coloured. Kashmiri chillis are in very short supply, hence demand for this type of red chilli is very high.
These are short and ivory white in colour. It is mainly grown as homestead crop in Kerala and Tamil Nadu. Therefore available in the markets throughout year.
Dry red chilli is broadly use as spice in curried dishes.
To make hot sauce like pepper sauce and Tabasco sauce.
For colour extraction.
As counter irritant in Neuroalgia, Rheumatic disorder and Lumbago.
Isolated Indian red chilli or mirch enzymes are beneficial in treating certain type of Cancers.
Due to pungency and availability round the year Indian onions are very famous. During year 2017-2018 country produced 21.4 million tonnes. As a result, India ranks as second largest onion growing country in the world. Nashik is one of the most famous onion market in the world.
Onion Harvesting :
The cultivation of onion is highly technical and pretty much depends on climate conditions. Onions have two crop cycles, first harvesting starts in November to January and second harvesting from January to May.
There has been wide improved varieties developed according the region and season. Onion is typically classified into three types as per the presence of its distinctive flavour and pungency. Consequently onions are commercially classified based on skin colour Red, White and Yellow.
Red Onion :
Indian Red Onions are attractive. They have shiny red-tinged flesh with mild taste. Therefore red fresh onions are used in salads and sandwiches. There is wide range of varieties of red onions. Below are some export quality red onions –
Agrifound Dark Red.
Agrifound Light Red.
Yellow Onion :
It is the most commonly known variety. Yellow onion have yellow brownish papery skin and white flesh. It taste strong cause of high sulphur content. Furthermore, It has more pungent flavour and smell. Some popular export quality yellow onions are –
White Onion :
White onions have white skin with mild white flesh. These are slightly milder than the yellow onion. Famous white onions are –
Pusa White Round.
Onion Packaging for Exports :
The packaging size is completely depends on the importing country requirement. The bag used are mesh bags (netted poly bags) or jute bags. Generally there are 60 fills per 10 kg bag of onion.
Heart Health : The sulphur in an onion acts as a natural blood thinner. Therefore it prevents blood platelets from aggregating. The quercetin in onions also help in preventing plaque buildup in the arteries. Hence eating onion can reduce risk of heart attack and stroke.
Anti-inflammatory : The vegetable is also effective anti-inflammatory agents. Also, they relax the airway muscles and provide relief to asthma symptoms.
Immune System : Onions helps in reducing allergic reactions.
Cancer : It also reduces gastric cancer risk. Also it help with side effects from cancer treatment.
Digestion : Onions are rich source of fibre which promotes good digestion.
Regulating blood sugar : The chromium in onions regulates blood sugar. The sulphur in onion triggers insulin production in body.
Bone Density : Regular consumption of fresh onions helps in improving bone density in older women.
Hairs : The fresh onions are very good at follicle nourishment. Even more it restore lost nutrient to scalp. Onion lends a healthy shine to hair. Similarly it reverse the premature greying.
Tandle Imports and Exports is your source for the finest certified organic, fresh – milled flour and whole grain.
Whole wheat grain trade is greater than for all other crops combined. India ranks 2nd as a producer in the world. The total area of wheat plantation is around 30 Million Hector. Country has exported 322790.14 MT of wheat during the year 2017-18.
There is a wide variety of wheat grown today. However, wheat is mainly classified as follows:
Medium hard bread wheat : This is a standard mill quality wheat. Medium grain size and appearance, medium hard. Wheat flour is suitable for non-fermented flat Indian bread like chapati, naan and tandoori.
Hard bread wheat : Bold and lustrous grain. It is suitable for a variety of fermented and non-fermented breads. The bread quality is high. Wheat flour used in making of bread, burgers, etc.
Soft bread wheat : Yellowish/white grain, it is suitable for biscuit making, doughnut, cakes, cookies, pastries, etc.
Durum wheat : Large and hard kernel, vitreous grain. It contains semolina, which is when mixed with water, forms a dough. This dough used in making of pasta, noodles, spaghetti, etc.
Heath Benefits :
Wheat is a healthy food source of multiple nutrients and dietary fibre recommended for children and adults.
Dietary fibre also help with a healthy weight.
Wheat is source for natural and bio fortified nutrient supplement.