Capsicum or Bell pepper are botanically berries but culinary vegetable like the tomato. The terms Capsicum or Bell pepper or Pepper or Sweet pepper are often use for any large bell shaped peppers, regardless of their colour. They are native to Mexico, Central America and northern South America.
What is the difference between Capsicum and Bell pepper?
The large form of capsicum is known as a bell pepper in U.S. and Canada. However, there is a slight difference between the two. The presence of capsaicin which is a lipophilic chemical that produces a burning sensation in the mouth. Bell peppers do not contain this chemical. Hence they are also known as sweet pepper.
Varieties Of Capsicum or Bell pepper
Sweet peppers are of many colours with many taste. In India, mainly green, red and yellow are produced and demanded.
These are grassy in flavour and super crunchy in texture. Green capsicum are the best stuffing peppers.
The most popular pepper is red. Because they are sweet. The bright colour and sweet taste make them perfect for salads. It has a less grassy flavour than most peppers and become silken and delicious when roasted.
These sweet pepper are similarly sweet as red but have a milder taste.
The peppers are hand picked and packed in consumer packs of LDPE or PP. The size of the box is either 5 kg or 10 kg. The material is standard Corrugated fibre board (CFB) Box. For longer transportation there are different types of scavengers and food grads are available. Therefore you can have fresh capsicum no matter where you live.
In India – Tomato ranks third in priority just after Onion and Potato. However, the country ranks second in area as well as in production of tomato in the World. Tomatoes are native to South America. It is believe that the fruit came to India by way Portuguese explorers. Botanically speaking tomato is a fruit, a berry to be exact.
Which country ranks first in terms of the tomato production?
From small to large, India grows and exports variety of tomatoes all year around. The most common are Cherry, Plum, Roma and Beefsteak.
It is big and broad in size. Reddish pink in colour. Because of the firm texture and sweet acidity, this tomato is the most recognisable of the heirloom.
These are the dullest and flattest in flavour. Beefsteak is low juice as well as large and meaty. It is an excellent all purpose tomato.
These are both i.e. sweeter as well as sourer than big size tomatoes. Cherry is also juicer and pulpier than other varieties.
This tomato is popular for it’s rich colour and concentrated sweetness. The medium size fruit is deep reddish pink.
This is a oblong shaped tomato. Plum’s are fleshy and don’t contain too many seeds. Therefore, these are great for cooking.
These tomatoes share many characteristics with cherry tomatoes. Roma is sweet, juicy and tangy. It also contain high pulp. Thus, roma are use in making sauce and purees.
Sizing is determined by the maximum diameter of the equatorial section. The provision shall not apply to Cherry tomatoes. The minimum size is set at 35 mm for Round and Ribbed tomatoes. For Oblong tomatoes, the minimum size set at 30 mm.
For export purpose, tomatoes are first packed in consumer packs of LDPE or PP. Twenty consumer packs of 250 gm are placed in a 5 kg CFB (Corrugated Fibre Board) box.
Specification details for CFB boxes for packing for Exports :
Due to consumers expectations, the food supply chain is growing faster than ever. This has expanded the supply chain geographically and across many more parties, making it larger and more complex. In India, the food sector has become high growth and profit sector. India is the 2nd largest food producer in the world. Indian food sector includes vegetables and fruits, milk and milk products, fisheries, poultry and meat, grain processing, chocolates and confectionery, plantation and alcoholic beverages.
Manufacturers, distributors, logistics providers and other parties are under pressure to get their products to the market quickly, safely and in time. That’s a main challenge
Six stages of food supply chain
These six stages are very important, if compromised, number of problems will arise and the whole supply chain will be at risk. A typical food supply chain consist of these stages –
Sourcing of raw materials
Manufacturing / Production
Processing and packaging
Retail redistribution to end user
Let’s discuss five major problems that affect food supply chain.
Five Major Problems
Nowadays, many consumers want to trace product. Hence it is important to have all data on food products and your supply chain. Sharing information at each step of the food supply chain increases food safety, brand integrity and enhances customer loyalty.
To overcome this issue Tandle Imports and Exports takes help of Blockchain Technology. It is a shared digital platform. Blockchain’s advantage is that once information is added, it is distributed within the network and it becomes permanent. That’s how our team can deliver the transparency, traceability and trust.
Safety and Quality :
The common causing factors that affect the quality and safety of food products are –
Poor warehousing / storage
Due to these reasons the number of food product gets recall. A recall is costly and it can damage your reputation.
To get rid of such problems, Tandle Imports and Exports select the best raw material. Our team choose an accredited testing laboratory that uses current technology. Tandle IMEX also choose the right packaging materials and processes to ensure the best quality products.
We also select a trustworthy logistics with impressive record and reputation for in-time delivery.
Lack of communication leads to fragmented information. The insufficient data can result into a major impact on the food supply chain. This problem gets more critical of traders who are operating internationally. This happens because there are many parties involved in the chain.
We, at Tandle IMEX, uses latest technology and cloud based networks to communicate with each party in the chain. Any business associates or consumers can reach to us using live chat 24×7.
Food Supply Chain Costs :
A food supply chain contains many costs, few important ones include –
Checking on operating costs is constant challenge. In simple supply chains, spreadsheet comes handy. However, in the complex supply chain, you will need a technological solution. Tandle IMEX, uses modern technology to inhibit our efficiency and growth. A technological solution can save a lot over the long run.
Controlling Inventory In Warehouses and Stores :
To control costs and maintain quality, and satisfy customers, inventory has to be carefully managed. Too much and it will spoil and go waste. Too little and you disappoint your customers.
Tandle IMEX takes help from modern inventory management solutions to manage inventory. We enabled real-time visibility to inventory, throughout supply chain, on-site and off-site, and in-transit support RFID, IoT and other real time tracking technologies.
We also control inventory by tie stores in the supply chain. Our sophisticated network solutions can sense demand and adjust or create orders on the fly. This helps in keeping service levels high, and inventory and waste low.
The food supply chain is challenging. Whether you are working in domestic or international market, you have to ensure a high level of quality and safety for your food products. Tandle Imports and Exports focused on all core areas and deliver good results. We are rising into food sector rapidly. Feel free to contact us anytime.
Indian Mangoes are also know as “King Of Fruits”. Because of it’s sweet taste, richness and colour. It is the most important fruit and the country ranks first in mango exports and is largest producer in the world contributing 40.48% of the total world production. Today, we are going to talk about the most famous mangoes and mango packaging.
How Many Varieties Of Indian Mangoes Are There?
There are around 1,500 types of mangoes found in India. Out of which near about 1,000 varieties are grown commercially.
Alphonso / Hapus
Season – May to June
This is the most expensive variety of Indian mangoes and is exported in plenty. Alphonso is also known as “King Of Mangoes” because of sweetness.
Konkan region in Maharashtra State is famous for Hapus. This is ovate oblique and medium in size. Orange-yellow in colour. The pulp is yellow-orange in colour.
Season – April to June
Banganpalli is one of the earliest varieties of mangoes you can get in the market.
These mangoes are large and obliquely oval in shape. Weighing on an average 350 to 400 grams. The colour of fruit is Golden yellow. It is one of the most common cultivars of mango in South India. Hence, it is also called as the “King Of Mangoes” in South India.
Season – July to August
Chausa hit the market when you think the mango season is coming to an end. These are one of the sweetest mangoes grown in North India.
Sweet pulp and light yellow skin, chausa is large, ovate to oval oblique in shape.
Season – June to July
One of the very famous variety of Indian mango. This one is best enjoyed by tearing off the tip and sucking out all sweet pulp and juice.
Dashehri is medium in size. Shape is oblong-oblique. The skin colour is yellow. It is mid season variety.
Season – July to August
These are the prominent variety of mango. Langra is medium in size. Ovate in shape and lettuce green in colour.
Varanasi in Uttar Pradesh is famous for Banarasi Langra.
Season – July to August
The tip of these mangoes are look like Parrot’s (Tota in Hindi) beak that’s how they get the name. Totapuri hails from South India. This is not sweet like the other mangoes but good for salads.
It is medium to large in size. Shape is oblong with necked base.
Season – June to July
Kesar mangoes are known for the fragrance and saffron coloured sweet pulp.
Grown in Western India. It is medium in size.
Eating Mangoes Can Boost Brain Power
Mangoes are filled with vitamin B6 essential for improving and maintaining brain functions.
Details of sizing in Mango
Packaging Of Mango For Export
For export packaging each individual mango will be enclosed in a clean, white, soft, expandable and netted type polystyrene sleeve to prevent bruising before packing in a box.
The mangoes are packed in insect proof boxes. If ventilated boxes are used, they will be covered with insect proof screen. Also, all side of box should be sealed with adhesive tape to prevent any entry of pests.
The printing would be done with non-toxic ink. Then mangoes shall be packed in each container in compliance with the Recommended International Code of Practice for Packaging and Transport of Fresh Fruits and Vegetables (CAC/RCP 44-1995, Amd. 1-2004).
Specification Details of Corrugated Fibre Board (CFB)
* Outer ply of duplex board | Source – Post-Harvest Manual For Export Of Mangoes, APEDA
Mangoes are sensitive to refrigeration, freezing and ethylene exposure.